Edited and integrally published in Missionalia Hispanica, 1955, Num. 35, pp. 327-40,
it is part of the documentary appendix to the study "Mártires Franciscanos de Georgia," by
Ignacio Omaechevarría, O.F.M., which appeared in the preceding number of the same review,
Num. 34, pp. 5-93.
The same proceso or información de oficio – with a number of variations, some
significant but most merely orthographic – is also found in Vol. II of Óre's Relación Historica
de La Florida, pp. 13-23, edited by Atanasio López, O.F.M. (Madrid, 1933). In that edition
the depository of the document is indicated as AIS, Patronato, 1-1-1/19.
Written probably between 1606 and 1609, this extended poem exists in a manuscript
(MS 187) preserved in the rare-book section of the Biblioteca Nacional in Madrid, Spain. The
manuscript is a bound volume, the folios of which measure 18 x 11 ems. Catalogued as
composed of 449 folios, there are in fact some significant misnumberings of the folios: there are
no folios corresponding to the numbers 165 to 176, 261, and 292 to 303, for a total of
twenty-five numbers which are missing, making a true total of 424 folios. In our citations, we
shall however use the folio-number that appears on the respective page. The section dealing
with the Revolt of 1597 and the slaying of the friars extends from folio 149r to 161v. Though
never published in its entirety, considerable excerpts of the work may be found in various
publications, of which the following are especially to be noted:
a) the re-edition of Óre's Relación, published under the title Relación Historica de La
Florida Escrita en el Siglo XVII, by Atanasio López, O.F.M. (Madrid, Vol. I, I 931, pp. 26-35).
b) "Estado de la Orden Franciscana y sus Misiones," by José Pou y Martí, O.F.M. (AIA,
tomo 27 (1927), pp. 38-92, passim).
c) Experiencia Misionera en La Florida, by Gregory Joseph Keegan, M.M., and
Leandro Torma Sanz (Madrid, 1957), passim throughout the volume.
d) Sangre Vizcaína en los Pantanos de La Florida, by Ignacio Omaechevarría, O.F.M.
(Vitoria, Spain, 1948), passim throughout the volume.
A partial prose-translation of this work into English was published under the title:
Pirates, Indians and Spaniards: Father Escobedo's La Florida, by James W. Covington and
A F. Falcones (St. Petersburg, Fl., 1963). The section treating the martyrdom is to be found
on pages 27 to 34.
This work was published in the first quarter of the seventeenth century, the date of the
original edition assigned by authorities varying from 1604 to 1620. No copies of the first edition
are known to exist. A modern re-edition, with an extensive prologue and notes was published
by Atanasio López, O.F.M., under the title Relación Histórica de La Florida escrita en el Siglo
XVII por el P. Fr. Jerónimo de Óre (Madrid, Vol. I, 1931; Vol. II, 1933).
The Relación treats of the period from the discovery of La Florida in 1513 by Ponce de
Leon and extends to the first canonical chapter of the Franciscan Province of Santa Elena
celebrated on Zapata (Sapelo) Island in mid-December, 1616. In the López edition (that used
as the basis for the present study) the account of the martyrdom of the five friars is found on
pages 86 to 93 and page 103 of Vol. I, with one document illustrating the event in Vol. II, pp.
13-23. A partial translation into English, embodying only the section relating to the Revolt and
Martyrdom, with extensive notes, a biographical study of the author and bibliographical
comments referring to the work itself, was edited by Maynard Geiger, O.F.M., and published
as No. 18 of the "Franciscan Studies" series under the title The Martyrs of Florida (New York:
Joseph F. Wagner, 1936)."